Mr Brock's Phonics
Phonics videos, games and activities for children (and help for grown ups too!)
These sounds (phonemes) and the letters (graphemes) normally used to represent them are taught first. These are normally covered in the Reception year at school, but teachers will adjust the rate to best suit the child. If you are following the government published scheme Letters and Sounds this “Early Phonics” section covers phases 2 and 3.
These are normally covered in Year 1, whilst also practising the Early Phonics skills already learnt. In this stage children will learn some alternate ways of writing sounds and will also start to use split-digraphs (Magic ‘E’)
The Year One Phonics screening test currently includes everything from “Early Phonics” and “Next Phonics”.
If you are following the Letters and Sounds scheme then this “Next Phonics” section covers phase 5. Please note phase 4 does not introduce any new phonemes, graphemes or pronunciations and is meant for consolidation. Also phase 6, normally taught during Year 2 relates to spelling, grammar and punctuation, I have therefore chosen to not include those activities in the “Phonics” section, as it stops being about sounds.